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1863 - The first case of Phylloxera was recorded in France

For several centuries, Europeans had been experimenting with American vines and plants in their soil. Numerous cultivars were imported from America without any limits and neglecting the possibility of pest transfer and related problems. The importation of American vines and plants into Europe greatly increased between around 1858 and 1862, allegedly accidently introducing Phylloxera to Europe around 1860, according to French biologist Jules-Emile Planchon, who made the Phylloxera discovery in the 1860s. According to others, the aphid didn’t reach France until sometime before 1863. Phylloxera would go on to decimate not only France’s vineyards, but much of Europe’s.

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