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1600-1650 - Trade in wine and brandy increased between France and the Netherlands.

In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Dutch (particularly those from Holland and Zeeland) had a considerable influence on the development of French wine. They were able to rule Northern Europe thanks to their trading relations with countries like the Baltic and Hanseatic republics and their sizable merchant fleet. As political tensions between the French and the English arose, the Dutch filled the gap and continued to serve as a conduit for the Bordeaux and La Rochelle wines into England. The town of Middelburg gained a reputation as a crossroads for the distribution of French wine in Europe.

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